Answer Five Questions In All

TWO From Section A and THREE From Section B


2021 NECO Government Theory Answers


NO 1a)

Authority can be defined as the legitimate power that a person or a group of persons possess and practice over other people.


  1. Traditional Authority: People adhere to traditional authority because they are invested in the past and feel obligated to perpetuate it.
  2. Charismatic Authority:

Followers accept the power of charismatic authority because they are drawn to the leader’s personal qualities.

  1. Rational-Legal Authority:

In this type of authority, power is vested in a particular rationale, system, or ideology and not necessarily in the person who implements the specifics of that doctrine.

  1. Expert Authority:

Expert authority is just like the name sounds, an expert on a certain subject area. A great example is when people hire “experts” to testify in court on a certain subject, and they can be experts on everything from racial bias to juror personalities.

  1. Legal-Governing Authority

This doesn’t necessarily mean you’re a lawyer, although you can be one and have this type of authority. It merely means that you use your official position or status to exert your authority. 


NO 3 )

  1. lack of ability to sustain sovereign enforcers. This includes stuff like, police, military, judiciary, diplomats, etc. To put it simply, no government can function without them, period.
  2. Lack of sufficient military force or diplomatic leverage to enforce government sovereignty.
  3. Over-dependence on foreign powers to enforce their sovereignty, or supplies for a major part of its economy or national defense.
  4. Uncontrolled corruption, which would cause the government officers to abuse its power to government’s detriment. Notice that this is different from directed/sanctioned bribery, which simply redirects the real power to someone else within the government/nation.
  5. Lack of public trust, either due to cultural, economic recession, corruption, poverty, etc, one that lead to majority of citizens to revolt.
  6. Invasion and conquest by a foreign nation


NO 5)

  1. The colonial governor appoint, promote and discipline or dismiss public servants in the colony. 
  2. The colonial governor formulate social and economic policies for the colony. 
  3. The colonial governor presided over the meetings of both the legislative and the executive councils.
  4. The colonial governor ensures that he carries out the day-to-day administration of the colony.
  5. Another function of the colonial Governor was to accent to legislation by the Legislative Council before it could become effective.
  6. Another function of the colonial Governor was to exercise the royal prerogative of mercy.


NO 7a)

A political party is an organization or group of people bound together by the same political ideals.


  1. They assist the parliament:

Any parliament in any country consists of representatives of the people. The political parties are organized to be the representatives of the people. The electorate chooses the representatives of the parties to be their voice in the parliament.

  1. Formation of public policies:

Every party in the world fights for the adoption of its political principles. Therefore, if people choose a party to be represented in the parliament, they also choose the party`s principles to be presented in the country.

  1. Education function:

Political parties should educate the people. The citizens must understand ideas of the political party and the government.

  1. Stability function:

Political parties unite people in the country. They promote the main principles of patriotism and unity within the country. The political parties unify everyone interests.

  1. Recruitment of leaders:

Another great advantage of any political party is the recruitment of leaders. They look for active citizens who are interested in the fate of their country.


NO 9)

  1. To promote peace and security worldwide.
  2. To draw Nations closer through sports, musicals, etc.
  3. Interactions among nations bring about economic advancement especially in the areas of technology.
  4. It promotes trade among themselves.
  5. To prevent misunderstandings and future conflicts between nations.
  6. To create new culture that can lead the world to a more platonic place that all people can live together without much culture differences.


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