2019 WAEC Government Obj and Theory Questions And Answers






(i)The 1914 constitution
(ii)The 1922 constitution
(iii)The 1946 constitution

(i)The constitution introduced a parliamentary system of government.
(ii)It established two legislative houses at both the federal and regional levels.
(iii)It retained the federal structure with the regions having residual powers.
(iv)The federal prime minister and regional premiers had executive powers conferred on them.
(i)Multi-Ethnicity : Nigeria is a country with a lot of ethnic groups. As a result of this, it has brought about the cry of the minorities clamoring for their own state.

(ii)Power Sharing: Formula Power sharing has been one of the main issue militating against federalism in Nigeria.

(i)Governmental powers are shared between the Federal and State governments.
(ii)Its operation is backed up by a federal constitution, which is usually written and rigid in nature.
(iii)It ensures equal representation of all groups.


A citizen is a person who is a member of a particular country and who has rights because of being born there or because of being given rights, or a person who lives in a particular town or city

2b. Duties of a citizen

  1. The duty of citizens is either general or particular. The former arises from the common obligation, by virtue of which they are subject to the civil authority. The latter arises from a particular office and function, which has been laid upon individuals by the supreme authority.
  2. The general duty of citizens has regard to the rulers of the state, or to the entire state, or to their fellow-citizens.
  3. To the rulers of the state a citizen owes respect, loyalty and obedience. This implies that one acquiesce in the present regime, and have no thoughts of revolution; that one refrain from attaching himself to any other, or admiring and respecting him; that one have a good and honorable opinion of the rulers and their acts, and express himself accordingly.
  4. A good citizen’s duty towards the whole state is to have nothing dearer than its welfare and safety, to offer his life, property, and fortunes freely for its preservation; to exert all the strength of his mind and industry to add to its fame and promote its interests.
  5. As regards his fellow-citizens, it is the duty of the citizen to live friendly and peaceably with them, to show himself obliging and good-natured, and not to make trouble by peevishness or obstinacy ; not to envy the advantages of the others,
    or to deprive them of the same.

Q4a. A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. … Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government.

Q4b. Reasons For Creating Local Governments

  1. Participatory democracy: Local governments provide an opportunity for the citizens to practise the democratic form of government in their community. They learn the techniques and skills of politics, by campaigning and contesting elections to represent their wards in the local government council. The training at this level prepares them for greater political participation at the state and national levels.
  2. Bringing government closer to the citizens: Local governments are created to enable them to fashion out good policies and programmes which the local communities require. Local government functionaries are representatives of the central government and are empowered to enact bylaws, which would protect the collective interests of the people at the local level.
  3. Equitable socio-economic development: Local governments are created to serve as a means of distributing the resources of the country equitably, for the socio-economic development of their localities. This is done through the equitable sharing of the resources and amenities of the country between the different tiers of government.
  4. Choice of leadership: Local governments give people the opportunity to elect their own people as their representatives in the local government council. These personnel exercise governmental powers on behalf of the people, understand their people more than ’outsiders’ and are accountable to the electorate.
    answer two questions

We study governments so we can make an educated decision when it comes to voting. This means that you are not just going to make your voting decision on a speech or tv program that you see. You are going to be able to have a clear understanding of the different policies which are in place and you can compare one party to another, ensuring you make the right decision for you.

Studying government gives you knowledge. You are in a position to know more about the government than ever before. If you do not study governments then you are not going to know all of the ins and outs of politics.

We can control the future of our country, including political movements and government decision making. Studying government is going to ensure that you can make a difference.

There is always going to be the option to make improvements within different governments. If a government does not have a clear idea on one of their policies, this can be changed and improved over time, and you can understand this when you study the subject.

(5)Career choices:
Studying the government is going to open many doors for you and you can decide whether or not you want to go into a career in politics (to make a difference as much as you see fit).
There are many different reasons why we study politics, and it is mainly to have a clear understanding of how things operate and to ensure that improvements can be made in the future.


(2a)Person who is entitled to enjoy all the legal rights and privileges granted by a state to the people comprising its constituency, and is obligated to obey its laws and to fulfill his or duties as called upon. Also called national.


  1. Obey the law
    This is the principal duty of a good citizen. Laws are made to protect the interest of all citizens to the extent that if every citizen obey the law, there will be order and everybody will live in peace and government will have favourable environment to discharge its own responsibilities.
  2. Protection of Public Property
    Citizens are also expected to protect government or public properties from vandalisation. Citizens are expected to fight against misappropriation, corruption and squandering of public fund.
  3. Payment of Taxes
    Every citizen is expected not only to declare his or her income honestly to appropriate and lawful agencies but to pay his tax promptly as at when due. It is from the tax paid by the citizens that government provide essential amenities such as water, electricity, good roads, hospitals and schools, maintenance of law and order inclusive.
  4. Rendering National Service
    During any kind of emergency, such as during war with enemy country, citizens are expected to come out and defend the integrity of the nation. This is done by enlisting in the armed forces to fight against enemy and defend the country. The National Youth Service (NYSC) is one of such call to serve our fatherland.










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