(i) Uncontrolled access can lead to the introduction of malware, viruses, or other malicious software onto the network, compromising the security of the school’s systems and data.
(ii) Without proper filtering or restrictions, students may access inappropriate or harmful content, which can be detrimental to their education and well-being.
(iii) Excessive use of bandwidth for non-educational purposes, such as streaming videos or gaming, can slow down the network and affect the performance of educational tools and resources.
(iv) Uncontrolled access may result in the unintentional exposure of personal information or sensitive data, posing privacy risks for students and staff.



(i) Use filtering software to block access to inappropriate websites and content categories, ensuring that students can only access educational resources.
(ii) Install firewalls and robust security software to prevent malware, viruses, and other cyber threats from infiltrating the network.
(iii) Implement bandwidth management tools to prioritize educational applications and limit the bandwidth available for non-educational activities, thus preventing network congestion.
(iv) User Authentication



(i) Security
(ii) By requiring authentication, the school can track and monitor user activities, enabling accountability for any misuse or violations of acceptable use policies.
(iii) Personalization
(iv) User authentication helps the school comply with regulations and standards related to data protection and privacy by controlling access to sensitive information and ensuring proper user authentication measures are in place.


Data processing


Here are the steps to change the document orientation to landscape and print the document on A4 paper in Microsoft Word:

1. Open the document in Microsoft Word.

2. Go to the “Layout” tab in the ribbon.

3. In the “Page Setup” group, click on the “Orientation” dropdown menu and select “Landscape”.

4. Next, click on the “Size” dropdown menu and select “A4”. This will set the paper size to A4.

5. Once you have changed the orientation and paper size, you can preview the document by going to the “File” tab and selecting “Print”.

6. In the Print preview, you should now see the document in landscape orientation and the full content should be visible.

7. If the preview looks good, you can proceed to print the document by clicking the “Print” button.



3a. Personal
II. Mainframe
Iii. Super

3b In tabular format

Analog Computers:

– Use continuous physical phenomena (e.g., voltage, current, position) to represent information
– Process information in a continuous range (e.g., 0-10 volts)
– Typically use analog circuits and mechanical components
– Examples: slide rules, analog clocks, thermometers
– Advantages: fast, simple, and intuitive for specific tasks (e.g., scientific calculations)
– Disadvantages: limited precision, prone to noise and interference

Digital Computers:

– Use discrete values (0s and 1s) to represent information
– Process information in a discrete range (e.g., 0 or 1, true or false)
– Typically use digital circuits and microprocessors
– Examples: smartphones, laptops, calculators
– Advantages: high precision, flexible, and scalable
– Disadvantages: slower than analog for specific tasks, require complex programming



File organization is the way data is stored and arranged in a file system to facilitate efficient retrieval and storage of information.

– Sequential File Organization:
II. Records are inserted one after the other.
– Direct (Random) File Organization:
IV. It generates random key to identify location.
– Indexed File Organization:
I. It does not support the use of tapes.
– Hashed File Organization:
III. It does not generate random keys to identify location.



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